The post 7 games for learning number line concept [2020] appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>Number Line is one such topic highly required to be well versed in order to understand concepts derived from it later. Children with dyscalculia usually have trouble in decoding patterns, and understanding arithmetic. The effect is also pronounced in understanding number line as well. Hence, reconstructing the image of number line is important. Early adaptation to the topic with good practice is the only solution to the issue. Special educators know its importance as well.

This post has been developed keeping in mind the little learners who struggle in this topic. One thing that always work out well when dealing with issues in math i.e. mixing it with fun. There are numerous ways of turning maths into a fun learning subject. One such is to present it to the kids in a form that they like the most.

Yes, you guessed it right! GAMES. May it be indoor, outdoor, board or mobile games. Kids learn while playing. They develop analytical, strategical and spatial skills while doing it. Here is a curated list of 7 free games for learning number line in 2020.

As a diver, your aim is to get as many pearls as possible from deep underwater. To get it, you have to dive among shipwrecks and sunken ruins navigating the number line. On landing at the right number as given in the task, you will be rewarded with a pearl. Be careful with the electric eel passing by. You only have 3 lives to carry the level.

It tests your knowledge on number line concept by teaching properties of numbers, how to plot numbers, how to visualize quantity on the number line, how to order numbers, and how to use the number line as a visual model for mathematical operations.

NumberLine by MLC is not essentially a game, but an app that makes number line concept really interactive. Number line system is best understood through visualization and this app serves exactly that. You can choose number lines with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, or negative numbers labelling.

A number of activities can be performed on this with drawing and annotation tools. You have to figure out how many jumps between two points, how to manipulate forward and backward jumps, add equations, expressions and descriptions with writing tools and many more.

Lifeguards tests your knowledge of place value. It better helps in understaning number line system through pictorial representation. With good practice, players begin to recognise place value in numbers beyond 20 by reading, writing, counting and comparing numbers up to 100, supported by objects and pictorial representations.

As the name suggests, the theme is to rescue the drowning swimmer. Use the numberline to find the position of the swimmer. After getting the position, drag the counters onto the HTU place value chart to make that number. Hit ‘go’ to let the boat come for the rescue. You can level up by changing between different number lines.

Play Link : Web

Rikudo is a logic puzzle game that covers a wide range of topics of the subject. Although, not directly but it do tests the understanding of numbers and series. The goal is to find a path of consecutive numbers in a honeycomb grid with hexagonal cells. Each puzzle is a number maze with a unique solution.

The game is really engaging that keeps the learners busy for hours. The level gets harder as you progresses through the game. Developed by Rikudo Games, Number Mazes is currently sitting at over 1 million installs with 4.6 star ratings on playstore.

Play Link : Android | Appstore

Number Ninjas is mission based platform game. When other numbers fail to complete the adventure, its the rise-and-shine time of ‘number 1’ to save the day. Number turned ninja has to pass through several obstacles to reach the end goal.

The game is really interactive and able to hook the kids for hours. Though not directly teaching the number line. However, playing it, kids will become more familiar with different numbers on the line. UI is really suiting the theme of the game. It has around 20 missions to complete. The game is developed by GiftedIntrovert and available on Kongregate.

Play Link : Kongregate

Its a kayak racing game where you have to solve mathematical operations in order to lead in the path. There are steps and on each steps number line is placed with rocks on each number except one.

You can go from one step to the next by solving the addition or substraction operation referring to the specific number at which the rock is not placed. You have to select the equation which displays the correct operator and matches your count. If you miss, the kayak will bounce back and new equation buttons will appear. Its available at **toytheater** site.

Play Link : Web

Prodigy game is the perfect example of ‘learning while playing’. It lets you practice concepts of mathematics in interactive way. As per description, Prodigy delivers a unique learning experience through an interactive math game where success depends on correctly answering skill-building math questions. With recent updates, developers added several new skills for practice. Concept of number line system is also included. So you guys need to check it out. Players can earn rewards, go on quests and play with friends — all while learning new skills.

The app mainly targets kids with age upto 6-12. Its user base comprises of over a million teachers and 50 million students around the world. Parents can monitor their child’s progress through the levels and understanding of the concepts. Teachers should allow students a 10 minute play in class as a reward of completing a task. This will motivate students and give them a sense of achievement.

Play Link : Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

**Share the word**

If you find this post helpful, then please help us spread the word. Share the post with your friends, family and colleagues. Do not forget to subscribe to our updates. Any suggestions and recommendations are highly recommended. You can reach us through the contact form andwe will get back at you shortly.

The post 7 games for learning number line concept [2020] appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>The post IEP History : How it begins? appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>The plan is created by a specific team of the child’s parent(s) and district personnel who are knowledgeable about the child’s condition. The document is reviewed every year. Modifications are done to keep up with the pace. It came a long way from the first time it was introduced in 1975. Let’s have a peak at how the things began.

Despite the strict education laws in the nation since 1918, Students with disabilities were routinely excluded from public schools. The only option left for them was to be tutioned at home. This unfortunate scenario was improved when Congress passed the Public Law 94-142 in **1975**.

IEP was introduced alongwith the Education of All Handicapped Children’s Act (EHA). The act was a landmark decision as It required schools to provide students with a broad range of disabilities – including physical handicaps, mental retardation, speech, vision and language problems, emotional and behavioral problems, and other learning disorders – with a “free appropriate public education.”

In 1986, the EHA was amended to **Public Law 99-457** by Congress. By this, preschool children (age 3 to 5) with disability were also added to the Public Law 91-230 provisions. In the month of October of same year, **President Reagan** signed the Handicapped Children’s Protection Act, a law that considered the position of parents in development of IEP of the child.

Significant changes were applied to Public Law 94-142 in **1990**. It was amended to Public Law 101-476. It was renamed to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or IDEA. Further, Congress made it mandatory for developing Individual Transition Plan (ITP) as a part of IEP to help him/her in the transition of post-secondary life. In June 1997, President Clinton announced key amendments in the act. **Public Law 105-017** ensures the same curriculum access to all the students. Use of Assitive Technology was emphasized.

In December 2004, **Public Law 108-446** was renamed to Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA). Early intervention and greater accountability in the area of assessment were emphasized. One of the key aspects of new regulations was that the determination of the existence of a specific learning disability to be done by the child’s parents and a team of qualified professionals. Also, every state have to develop specific criteria, in accordance with the requirements in the regulations, to determine whether a child has a specific learning disability and, as a result of that disability, requires special education. State was, however, authorized to expand the definition of ‘developmental delay’ with the inclusion of students between the ages of six and nine.

The post IEP History : How it begins? appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>The post 5 examples to understand algebra tiles easily appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>We already talked about the strategies that could work for teaching algebra to students with dyscalculia. Algebra Tiles plays an important role in achieving this goal. If you are still not aware, Agebra Tiles are widely used mathematical manipulatives to help students better understand algebra. Algebra Tiles gives a better visual perspective to solve the problems.

Although, made to simplify the algebra, but can be confusing sometimes if you are not aware of each corner of the equation you are dealing with. There are several limitaions to where algebra tiles can be used and upto what extent. Keeping this mind, Today we will be discussing 5 core type examples of Algebra Tiles to make you understand it easily. We will reach the extent upto which use of algebra tiles to solve the equations seem meaningful.

In Algebra Tiles, square and rectangle shaped colored tiles are used to represent numbers and variables. As per general rule, Each small square tile, the unit tile, represents number one. If we have two tiles, then we have the number two. Red colored square tiles are used for negative numbers, while any other color could be used for positive ones.

We will exhibit an example of simple addition and substraction of two numbers. We will not going to take variables for this example to keep it simple and easy.

Let’s solve the operation, **5-7+4**

We will arrange algebra tiles for this but first, we will restructure the numbers and their signs a bit to further simplify the operation.

The operation can also be written as, 5 + 4 – 7 => (5) + (4) + (-7)

Let’s arrange the tiles and solve it.

It will look something like the tiles arranged in the pic below.

Let’s arrange the tiles after addition of positive numbers as below

Since, positive tiles are more than negative tiles, the answer would be positive number. After rearranging, we will take 1 red color with 1 yellow color tile till the no red ones are left. Whatever we are left with yellow ones will be the number.

We will exhibit an example of simple multiplication and division of two numbers. Again, we will not going to take variables for this example to keep it simple and easy.

Let’s solve the operation, **8 * 3 ** ÷ ** 4**

We will arrange algebra tiles for this but before, we will restructure the numbers and their signs a bit to further simplify the operation.

The operation can also be written as, (8 * 3) ÷ (4) (Make sure you do not break the BODMAS principle while rearranging)

In some cases, the value is negative. Do remember that a negative value times a positive result gives a negative result.

Let’s arrange the tiles and solve it.

For Multiplication, we will make a grid with the bigger number in the columns and smaller in the rows (You can do as per your choice). Count the total number of spots in the grid, which is the outcome of the multiplication.

Let’s do the division. For this we will take the grid and rearrange with rows equal to the divisor. Now pair it up as such given below

The number of rows in the column will be the outcome of the division.

We will jump to solving equations in this bit. To model the equations, The rectangle represents the variable, ** x**. The large square represents

The approach is to isolate x and get the x alone on one side of the equation.

Let us solve the expression **3x + 5 = 14 **

First we will model the equation. To achieve it, Divide the sheet or board in two parts. Keep the 3 yellow rectangle tiles (representing 3x) with 5 blue square tiles (representing number 5) on the left side and 14 blue square tiles (representing the number 14) on the right.

Now that we have modeled our equation, we will going to solve it. For our equation, Our first goal is to get the 3 yellow rectangle tiles by themselves. We need to move the 5 blue square tiles .

To move them, we need to pair them up with a different colored square. As the tiles are positives, we need to pair them up with the negative number. We, thus, need equal number of red colored tiles. We remember that whatever we do to one side, we also must do to the other side. So, we also add four blue square tiles to the right side.

Now, we can take out the blue and red tiles on the left tiles as they cancel out each other. Similar we take 5 blue and as well the red tiles from the right side.

We are left with 3 yellow rectangle on the left and 9 blue square tiles on the right. Split and rearrange the 9 blue square tiles in three qual groups. Now you can get the answer by looking at the tiles i.e each yellow rectangle represents 3 blue square tiles.

To model the distributive property of the equation, we will use the expression **2(x+3) = 2x + 6,**

On algebra tiles, it can be represented as

Solving polynomials may get a little bit tough. Proceeding with algebra tiles can make it really easy though. Addition and subtractions of the two equations work same as before. In this we add or subtract the value with the same variable degree. It could be represented on algebra tiles as such

To do the multiplication, we will take the example of **(x+3) (x-2)**. We will draw two lines, one horizontal and other vertical. We will place the the terms (in terms of tiles) on the lines as given in the image below.

Every value in the term will multiply with the value in the other terms and represented on the tiles as such. Be sure that straight lines are maintained with grid at all the times.

For division of polynomials, we will drive the procedure in reverse.

Let us the expression -> **(x2+2x-3)/(x-1)**

We will fill the internal grid with numerator. Then we will place the denominator on on of the lines as given below

The result will be whatever the outcome on other line of the grid as given below.

So we discussed 5 different types and examples of expression that can be solved using algebra tiles. This post covered what most students will face in early algebra. Good practice with these will help you build a good base in advance for lengthy equations to come in the senior years. If you still have any doubts, you are most welcome to comment your questions or queries to this post or use our contact form.

**Share the word**

If you find this post helpful, then please help us spread the word. Share the post with your friends, family and colleagues. Do not forget to subscribe to our updates. Any suggestions and recommendations are highly recommended. You can reach us through the contact form andwe will get back at you shortly.

The post 5 examples to understand algebra tiles easily appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>The post Excel Orton Gillingham sight words using blending board appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>Some professionals in the special education industry have repurposed the blending board for the good of pupils with learning disabilities, such as dyslexia. Blending boards can be used for learning orton gillingham sight words quite effectively.

To do this activity, we need a blending board first. Its great if you have one but if you don’t, then you can purchase it from amazon or make one at your home. Maketaketeach.com did post a DIY blending board. Do check it out.

Now, that we have blending board, we need flash cards with alphabet written on it. You can buy or just make one yourself. Cut out rectangles from white chart paper. We will practice the sight words in three stages, so the dimensions of the rectangle will be different for different stages.

You can try this activity with different length of words, but for here, we will practice 3 letter words with CVC (Consonant-Vowel-Consonant) template. You could make up words for this or prepare a deck of cards by selecting from the list of 100 Orton Gilligham red words.

**Stage 1**

- Prepare 5 packs each of
**C-V-C**spots. That would be 15 cards in total.

- For 1st consonant series, Choose black color for letters. Draw a green underline with arrow pointing east at the right extreme end.

- For Vowel series, Choose blue color for letters. Draw a green underline with arrow pointing east at the right extreme end.

- For 2nd consonant series, Choose black color for letters. Draw a green underline with dot (fullstop) at the right extreme end.

- Place each pack on the blending board as per the template. First ask students to what sound each letter makes. Do it 2-3 times, then ask them to say the complete word. If the word is an actual english word then the student have to give the thumbs up and if not, then thumbs down.

- Now, drop the consonant in the first spot and again repeat the process. Similarly drop the cosonant in the third spot and repeat the process. After this, drop the vowel in the second spot.

- Continue the above process untill no card is left.

**Stage 2**

- Prepare 5 packs each of
**C-VC**spots. That would be 10 cards in total.

- For 1st consonant series, Choose black color for letters. Draw a green underline with arrow pointing east at the right extreme end.

- For Vowel-Consonant combo series, Choose blue color for vowels and black for consonants. Draw a green underline with dot (fullstop) at the right extreme end.

- Place each pack on the blending board as per the template. First ask students to what sound letters on each pack makes. Do it 2-3 times, then ask them to say the complete word. If the word is an actual english word then the student have to give the thumbs up and if not, then thumbs down.

- Now, drop the consonant in the first spot and again repeat the process. Similarly drop the vowel-cosonant combo afterwards and repeat the process.

- Continue the above process untill no card is left.

**Stage 3**

- Prepare 5 packs each of
**CVC**spots. That would be 5 cards in total.

- In this combo, Choose black color for both the consonants and blue for vowels. Draw a green underline with dot(fullstop) at the right extreme end.

- Place each pack on the blending board as per the template. First ask students to what sound the pack makes. Do it 2-3 times, then ask them to say the complete word. If the word is an actual english word then the student have to give the thumbs up and if not, then thumbs down.

- Now, drop the card and again repeat the process. Continue the above process untill no card is left.

Try the activity with different orton gillingham sight words. Choose template of your choice. Set different stages as you wish to teach the students. One up the level after each exercise. Try with colors so that it doesn’t become monotonous.

This post is inspired from the Julie Van Alst, a special educator and writer at makemeteach.com . She also have a youtube channel that you can follow for similar content.

**Share the word**

If you find this post helpful, then please help us spread the word. Share the post with your friends, family and colleagues. Do not forget to subscribe to our updates. Any suggestions and recommendations are highly recommended. You can reach us through the contact form andwe will get back at you shortly.

The post Excel Orton Gillingham sight words using blending board appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>The post How to do percentage using mental math in 10 seconds appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>There is a fine line between ‘too hard’ and ‘that’s so easy’ in solving percentages. It all depends upon how you see the question. If you have strong mental math capabilities, then its a cake walk for you. However, It couldn’t be expected from everybody. In such cases, practicing mental math for percentages is the best option. A good thing about practicing percentages is that the learner will also enhance their mental math abilities for several other math operations, such as multiplication and division.

Keeping this in mind, We brought you easy ways to do percentages. So easy that you don’t have to pick pen or paper after practicing it for couple of times. With persistence efforts, you will reach a level where you will be able to do it within 10 secs.

Before diving a little deep into the concept. First, we got to know what percentages is ?

The word ‘percent’ suggests the part/section/portion of something. It could be anything. So, when we say the percentage of water in a glass, then that means the portion of the glassis filled with water. Similarly, when we say our savings is around 10 percent, then it means out of salary (100%), we save 10% and rest 90% is spent.

In practical terms,

- 100% means the whole complete thing

- 75% means 3/4th amount of the thing

- 50% means Half of the thing

- 25% means 1/4th of thing

- 10% means 1/10th of the thing

- 0% means no amount of the thing

It is advised that above given percentages must be memorized as these are used very often. Other percentages can be derived from these easily. We can go beyond the hundred percent also

**200%, 300%, 400%** means the **double, triple, quadruple respectively** and so on.

Rest calculating percentage is just the game of how you want to simplify the number? In all, it rests on how you approach the question.

Let’s talk about different approach to simplify the question by taking different examples

’50’ and ‘100’ are considered milestone numbers. This approach works best for calculating percentage near to these numbers, say upto +5 to -5 to the milestones.

**Let’s take the 51% of 140. **

Here, the milestone will be 50. From the question, percentage value is 1 more than the milestone. So, we will rearrange it as follow:

51% of 140

= (50 + 1) % of 140

Here, 51% of 140 will be equal to the addition to the 50% of 140 and 1% of 140.

As we know already that 50% is just half of the number and rearranging zeroes of 1% to 140 will give 1 x 1.4

The answer becomes = (50% of 140 + 1% of 140) => 70 + 1.4 => **71.4**

** Let’s take another example of 97% of 208.**

Here, the milestone will be 100. From the question, percentage value is 3 less than the milestone. So, we will rearrange it as follow:

97% of 208

= (100 – 3)% of 208

Here, 97% of 208 will be equal to the subtraction between the 100% of 208 and 3% of 208.

As we know already that 100% is complete whole of the number and rearranging zeroes of 3% to 208 will give** 6.24** (3 x 2.08).

The answer becomes = (100% of 208 – 3% of 208) => 208 – 6.24 => **201.76**

It is better to break the numbers in the percentages that are not covered in milestone approach. Breaking the numbers simplify it to a great extent. Numbers should be separated as such that we use as much milestones as we could to reach the number. Let us take an example to understand it better

**Let us take an example of 382% of 150**

Here, we will break 382 into smaller numbers as such that their addition equals 382.

382 => (300 + 80 + 2)

Further simplifying it,

=> (100 + 100 +100 +100 – 20 +2)

=> (100+100+100+100 -10 -10 +2) % of 150

As we know, 100% is complete of the number, 10 is 1/10th of the number and 2 is 1/50th

=> (150 + 150 + 150 + 150 – 15 – 15 + 3)

=> (600-30+3) => **573**

This does look like a lot of work on paper. But, once you get a good hold of this by practicing daily than It will be a matter of just seconds.

This is pretty basic concept of percentage. It depends upon your comfortability with the arrangement of the operation. This, alongwith milestone break up method, can really make the question so easy.

** Let us take the example of 38% of 400**

This can also be written as, 400% of 38,

We already discussed that 400% means quadruple of the number.

So, 400% of 38 = 4 x 38 = **152**

Upping one level, **we will now solve 187% of 350**

This can also be written as, 350% of 187,

We will further divide the 350 into smaller numbers as per the milestone breaking method,

350% of 187 => (300 +50)% of 187

=> (100+100+100+50)% of 187

=> (187 + 187 + 187 + 93.5)

=> **654.5**

** Share the word**

The post How to do percentage using mental math in 10 seconds appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>The post Top 5 fun Orton Gillingham games & activities appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>Putting it simply, Orton Gillingham works amazingly for pupils with dyslexia. We know it, Teachers know it and Parents know it. However, for students, specially kids, this could be just another classroom lecture to them. Console them, or bribe them all you want, if they are not into it then there is no use of following it. They should be internally motivated for learning. You got to put joy in the learning.

So, how could we achieve it?

As we are sort of adapting a new learning process, there are numerous ways of turning it into fun. One such is to present it to the kids in a form that they like the most.

Guess what is it?

Yes, you guessed it right! GAMES. May it be indoor, outdoor, board or mobile games. Kids learn while playing. They develop analytical, strategical and spatial skills while doing it. Subconsiously, they use multisenses while learning through games.

We curated a list of top 5 games and activities for learning through Orton Gillingham. Our focus in this post is on the games that follows Orton Gillingham approach, directly or indirectly, for learning. We tried reaching every corner for it and thus, coming up with apps that people find useful in improving such skills.

**#1 Spin the Wheel**

Spin the Wheel is still one of the most preferred classroom activity by teachers to introduce Reading Comprehension Strategies (RCS) and enhance students’ self-investment. It promotes language learning. Students feel motivated with such games as it facilitates knowledge and brings down the tension and anxiety. Tutors can use Spin the Wheel and repurpose it to use Orton GIllingham approach.

Orton Gillingham tutors can make the wheel by themselves. Cardboard cutouts or Paper wheel can serve the purpose. First cutout a big circle out of cardboard or paper.

- Divide the circle in 8 or 10 parts.

- Color each part separately. Make sure the colors are light

- Write different red words or sight words on each part.

- Now, place the wheel on the center of the classroom. You can use the bullet pin to attach it to the notice board. Just make sure there is enough space to easily spin it. Place one marker at 0 degree.

- Now, ask one of the players to come and spin the wheel.

- As the spin stops, take the sight word at which the marker is pointing. Ask the player about the sight word, such as making a sentence, how it can be used, and similar other questions.

**#2 Tic Tac Toe**

The best way we uses to pass our time during boring lectures was playing tic-tac-toe in the back bench. Kids develop coordination, fine motor **skills** and visual **skills**. It helps children learn how to follow rules and take turns. It can be repurposed with Orton Gillingham approach to make it more useful for students with learning disorders. To achieve this, we will use sight words or red words.

- Orton Gillingham tutor will draw 2 parallel vertical lines and 2 parallel horizontal lines. Each pair crossing each other symmetrically to make it 3 x 3 grid.

- Let players choose two sight words, say ‘Gone’, ‘There’.

- Instead of ‘x’ and ‘o’, players will put their respective sight words.

- Whoever completes 3 spots will win.

**#3 Puddle Jumping**

For this game, we need a little bit of space for jumping. Tutors can take the activity outdoor as well. It follows the main approach of orton gillingham method and i.e. multisensory learning.

- Cut out small portions of any shape from a chart paper

- Write down sight words and red words on each portion.

- Arrange the pieces on the floor. Make sure to keep them at a distance achievable easily by mediocre jump.

- Tutors can make the rules for jump to next word or let the player create the ones. Wherever, it stops, tutor can start the discussing the respective word.

**#4 Lego Word Forming**

Lego sets can also be repurposed in order to teach sight words to kids. Both base sets and attaching bricks are required.

On attaching bricks, write single letter. On base sets, write the sight word. Now make sure the alphabets on the attaching bricks completely fits on the base to make the respective sight word.

Orton GIllingham tutor can teach several other sight words the similar way. It promotes multisensory learning and the information is retained for a way longer time.

** #5 Wordly Jenga **

Jenga was one of our favorite pass-time during childhood. Whole of the family remain hooked to the stacks for hours. There are many benefits to playing Jenga, which include improving hand-eye coordination, and strategic thinking as well as developing motor, problem-solving, and social skills, just to name a few. Orton Gillingham tutors can repurpose it by writing sight words on the blocks. Use fewer blocks than usual. Now let the players stack them up. Tutors can then ask to pull a specific sight word block. and put it at the top. You can play as per existing rules or create new ones as you want to make it more interactive and fun.

The post Top 5 fun Orton Gillingham games & activities appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>The post Is your school dyslexia friendly? Here’s a checklist appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>Senator Chuck grassley once said “What makes a child gifted and talented may not always be good grades in school, but a different way of looking at the world and learning.” This quote holds so true. Just look at some of the most successful people living right now, who have beaten the belief that grades are everything. Grading is just a check on your grip on the topic. It doesn’t necessary have to define the destiny of your academic road. Practicing what you love will actually define your future prospects, and school plays an important role in achieving that.

It is the duty of the school to let a child explore the inner strength and use it to put his/her impact on the society. Several real life instances made it evident that child with learning disorders, such as dyslexia and dyscalculia too have a special gift and talent. In many cases, this may left be unexplored as we are stuck with orthodox views ion education system. That’s really really unfortunate.

There are couple of things which one should keep in mind while deciding school for their child specially if their child is struggling with dyslexia or any other learning disorders.

Find the checkpoint where the child usually lacks and put extra effort for him or her to work on it

Special evaluation for progress of the dyslexic child and giving regular feedback to the parents.

The end goal in such cases should be that the child suffering from dyslexia feels comfortable while going to school and sitting in a class. He/She must feels inclusive while in the classroom.

Focusing on what the child likes, and letting him or her explore it. Teacher must welcome the view of the child and participate in the discussion for taking to another level for career prospects.

In order for a school to achieve the ‘Dyslexia Friendly’ tag, there is official document on it that school must follow. Here is the pdf on the mark up standards and eligibility criteria for accrediation. Schools inclusiveness towards dyslexia pupils is easily observable if they are incorporating the practice as discussed below.

Check if

- Classrooms in the school are spacious clean and whiteboard is easily visible

- Class room interior should be designed as such to produce a conducive environment to child and there is least chance of getting distracted.

- Special resources for student such as coloured overlays, Mind maps, flow charts, etc. are readily available for use

- Dyslexic students are usually seated in the front of the class

- Key information is repeated and emphasized during class. Colored coded information for keywords are used.

- Visual learning is emphasized in the class for example media video clips and images are used regularly in teaching

- Graphical representation of topic is emphasized, such as mind maps, flow charts, and powerpoint presentations are encouraged

- Colour coded information is used to represent different topics

British Dyslexia Association have the official document for the guidelines required to meet the ‘Dyslexia Status’. It could be obtained from the pdf on their site. Majorly, there are four areas that school needs to work on.

**School attitude towards learning disorder and its management capability**

It’s very important that the School actually recognizes what the dyslexia is. By that, we mean not just on paper but on actual practice as well. While making development plans for the school, assistance for dyslexic kids should also be taken cafe of. Achieving ‘Dyslexia Friendly’ status should one of the target of the school. It should be reflected in their work easily as well. Key policy document of the school should clearly defines the guidelines for meeting the needs for the pupils with dyslexia.

Management and staff personnels should promote the dyslexia friendly practice to meet the needs of the students having issues in the classroom. Management should opt for special school awareness training for dyslexia and other similar learninig disorders. The staff should be equipped with enough knowledge to prepare a well planned strategy including the allocation of suitable resoruces, tools, practice for providing support to the dyslexic students.

**Quality of learning provided **

This area focuses on the quality of the teaching being provided in the school. Teachers and staff must have appropriate qualification and training in dealing with a child with dyslexia. In school, It would be expected that there will be at least one member of staff within a school who has achieved a specialist qualification in dyslexia or SpLD . Teaching styles should create an enviroment where cognitive abilities of the dyslexia child are taken into account. Biggest issue with dyslexia is that it remains undiagnosed in most of the cases.

Special educators are expected to pick the indicators that may possible signals dyslexia in a child in early stages. They are expected to schedule a special in-class intervention and programmes of support. Further, they must know when to refer for extra support. Teachers must know where to access the resources (such as Mindmapping, OCR) for the dyslexia and how to use them optimal results.

Multisensory teaching approach must be followed. Multi-sensory means that all parts of the brain are being stimulated at the same time, allowing the stronger senses to overcompensate for the weaker senses. Lastly, the most important and i.e. thorough evaluation and assessment of the performance of the child.

**Classroom environment**

Classroom learning climate must be conducive to the child. He or She must feel comfortable going to the classroom. School anxiety is quite prominent in dyslexic child due to comparative environment. A child with dyslexia ususally demoralizes him/herself while comparing to peers.

Its the duty of the Teacher to make such an environment that boosts the self esteem of the child. Equal individual attention of the teacher is the key here. Children must be encouraged to participate in the classroom activities. They must be praised for the effort and achievement. Group activities and learning to be encouraged. Teachers must be well versed with dealing the situation of harassment or bullying. Effective measures must be made to stop it forever.

**Participating with parents on development plans of their child**

School took measures to partner with the parents or the guardian of the child to develop intervention strategy. School must be proactive and communicate with parents as soon as any concerns are raised.

Teachers must communicate with parents to let them understand dyslexia and the basis on which the dyslexia friendly school teaches and supports their child. Being in contact to report them about the progress and performance of the child. Concerns of parents must be well taken care of. Appropriate measures to deal with complaints from parents side. Teacher must work with parents on the emotional and behavioral issues of the child.

The post Is your school dyslexia friendly? Here’s a checklist appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>The post Importance of spatial sense in kids and how to improve it? appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>If you often caught yourself in brown study, like I do on regular basis, then at some point, you may have reached a state where you began acknowledging the abilities of your body that you just take for granted daily. While I was wondering through my own chain of thoughts, couple of questions came across my mind like what exactly defines my position in space? How do I know where I am sitting? How do I know what’s behind me and how do I know what’s above me or below me? Well, There is a science working in the backend that helps me correlate myself to my surrounding. In professional term it is called Spatial awareness or Spatial senses.

As we discussed already that Spatial sense is one’s awareness towards things around him/her. If you are able to describe and classify an object in terms of its shape, size, position, direction, and movement in relation to the physical world where it exists, then you have strong spatial sense. Spatial awareness is a cognitive skill that children must develop or are expected to develop at an early stage of brain development process. It is the backbone of science working behind one’s visual perception of an object. Spatial sense is necessary for understanding various geometric aspects happening in the real world. Let’s take an example of a toddler playing with a toy. The fact that he knows how far to go in order to reach his toy or how far to throw in order to put ball in the goal, all comes under his spatial abilities.

There is no single explainable cause of poor spatial sense in an individual. A study shows that genetics do play an important role. However, other than genes, there are several factors responsible for weak spatial understanding of an individual. Poor spatial senses have been observed quite often in children with Development Co-ordination Disorder (DCD), autism dyscalculia, dyslexia, cerebral palsy, and many other conditions. Left hemisphere of our brain is responsible for our cognitive abilities, including our ability to do spatial calculations. Any sort of injury to this part of brain may also weakens our spatial perception.

A child with poor sense of spatial awareness will,

#1 often tend to bump into things.

#2 have trouble in understanding simple concepts like ‘on’ ‘under’ ‘above’ ‘inside’ ‘outside’ ‘in’ ‘out’ ‘up’ ‘down’.

#3 trouble in understanding the abstract concepts of the mathematics specially where shapes, areas, volume, and space is involved.

#4 poor directional understanding.

#5 unable to comprehend the projectile that well.

As a parent, you will observe such difficulties in day to day events of your kid.Check how often your child can catch the ball thrown at him, or how often he/she is able to put ball in the goal or into the basket with accuracy. Although, this is not a sure shot diagnosis of a poor special sense but to be on a safer side it give you an heads up to call a special evaluator for your child to investigate his or her performance so that you could adapt a new learning process in an early stage of brain development process.

Spatial sense is basically a skill that is learnt and developed through practical experience. Adopting a new learning process in the early stages of childhood found to be quite effective in building strong sense.

There are several activities for children to do at home for building strong spatial senses. Parents participation in such activities with their children is highly recommended.

Typical activities like,

#1 keeping a reference object (probably something that the kid, say for example, his/her favourite doll) and asking what’s behind, in front of, near, far, next or above it.

#2 collecting and playing with blocks and puzzles. building fort with blocks.Try asking how many blocks were used and how they were arranged.

#3 do comparing of objects. For example, which one of these blocks is bigger? Is the height of the computer table is more or less than the dining table? Which number block is closest or farthest from us.

#4 some games like hide and seek for finding a lost object in the room could help.

#5 discussing shapes of real life object. Ask the shape of the sign board that we just cross.

Other than the activities mentioned above, you can also take professional help for your child. Treatment with occupational therapy happens to be quite helpful in improving kids cognitive physical and motor skills. Therapist will observe the gross motor skills of the child in order to identify difficulty with spatial sense.After thorough evaluation, the therapist work closely with parents and draw a remedial exercise schedule for the child as per his or her performance.

Now, this is all just glimpse of what is spatial sense, and why is it necessary?, and how to manage if your child is having weak spatial sense. If you want to learn more about spatial awareness, then follow the resources that we mentioned below

**Research Paper: **

- Ickx, G., Bleyenheuft, Y. and Hatem, S. (2017). Development of Visuospatial Attention in Typically Developing Children.
*Frontiers in Psychology*, 8. - Muffato, V., Toffalini, E., Meneghetti, C., Carbone, E. and De Beni, R. (2017). Individual visuo-spatial factors and familiar environment knowledge: A structural equation modeling analysis.
*Personality and Individual Differences*, 113, pp.96-102. - Passolunghi, M. and Mammarella, I. (2010). Spatial and visual working memory ability in children with difficulties in arithmetic word problem solving.
*European Journal of Cognitive Psychology*, 22(6), pp.944-963.

**Some books for children to expand their special sense:**

*Me on the map*by Joan Sweeney*The secret birthday message*by Eric Carle*Up, Down, and Around*by Katherine Ayerss and Nadine Bernard Westcott*Big Bug*by Henry Cole

**Some online platform to know more about spatial perception: **

The post Importance of spatial sense in kids and how to improve it? appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>The post Important Dyscalculia resources for Teachers appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>We already talked about why early adaption of a new learning process is important for students with dyscalculia. But to achieve that the disorder has to be diagnosed first. The stats on this are worrisome. However, a vigilant teacher could play a crucial role in catching the culprit behind such learning issues at the right time.

First things first, Educators need to understand the mindset of a child suffering from dyscalculia. There are ample resources available online/offline for teachers to learn more about the elements of this under-studied and under-researched learning disorder. We curated some of them in this post.

**Numberdyslexia.com :**Numberdyslexia is the website made specifically to educate people about the learning disorders revolving around math. It keeps you updated on recent research and developments on dyscalculia and dyslexia. Learn more about the topic and learn about the issues that a kid with dyscalculia and dyslexia face on daily basis. You can also use the discussion forum to put forward your queries.-
**Mathisfun.com :**Practice is the key for building math skills. Indulge kids in practicing math with Mathisfun. The site really took it to another level in terms of making math interactive. There are a lot of exercises and games to play and improve math skills. **Teacherspayteachers :**is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials including worksheets, print-tables and charts. You can find a lot of good resources on maths topic for teachers to use it in class. TeacherspayTeachers gives you access to over 3 million resources. Just search ‘Dyscalculia’ to get over thousands of digital and resources created by other professionals.**Helpingwithmath.com :**is another website for teachers to find resources specifically for Maths. The resources are free to use which gives it an edge over TeacherspayTeachers.

**#1 Smartynote**

Smartynote is a notepad app with powerful features like OCR, Voice recognition and Text to speech. Although the app is made specifically for dyslexics, people with dyscalculia can also take the benefit as it can read numbers as well.

It really makes note taking so much easier. All you have to do is click a photo of a page or some text, it will extract the text and save it to your note. You an use voice recognition if you want the app to write note while you speak. You can also let the app dictates the saved note to you. Different color combinations and fonts are available to suit your needs. Around 20k people use this app worldwide. Teachers may encourage the use of this app to get the students to feel comfortable while writing notes etc.

**#2 BYJUS** **and similar tutoring apps**

Online coaching is in trend. Students turn to tabs for learning topics they are weak at. There are several at par online services to tutor kids. For Kids in grade 1-5 , apps like BYJUS offers best services in the industry. Its easy to use, simple UI, interactive classes and provision of progress report makes it leading over its competitors. There are several apps in market as well that provide specific tutoring services for individuals with learning disorders. For teachers, this could be a great step if they want to put forward effort on a digital platform so that maximum students could get benefit from.

**#3 NeuroNation**

NeuroNation is another brain training app with tasks and exercises similar to Lumosity. However, it majorly targets people with weak memory and concentration power (as in the case of dyscalculia).

At the moment, the program consists of 27 exercises. More than 15 million people use this app worldwide.

UI is pretty simple and easy to understand. Users can personalize activities according to their potentials. Just like Lumosity, Neuro nation also provides detailed insights of training progress. A daily 15 minutes exercise with the app is recommended. Teachers may let the students play with NeuroNation as the relaxation period or as reward.

**#1 The Dyscalculia Assessment**

The Dyscalculia Assessment is a tool for investigating pupils’ numeracy abilities. It is designed to inform a personalised teaching programme for individuals or small groups of pupils who have difficulties with numbers. The assessment was devised at Emerson House, a specialist centre in London supporting pupils with difficulties in numeracy and literacy.

**#2 Dyscalculia: from Science to Education**

Written by Brian Butterworth, Dyscalculia: from Science to Education explains the latest research in the science of dyscalculia in a clear, non-technical way. He uniquely links research to pedagogical practice, to explain how science can be used for the identification of dyscalculia, and for the development of strategies to best help affected learners acquire arithmetical competence. The text provides robust interventions that focus on helping pupils to strengthen their ability to process numerosities and link them to the familiar number symbols, counting words and digits.

**#3 The Dyscalculia Toolkit: Supporting Learning Difficulties in Maths**

With over 200 activities and 40 games this book is designed to support learners aged 6 to 14 years, who have difficulty with maths and numbers. Ronit Bird provides a clear explanation of dyscalculia, and presents the resources in a straightforward fashion. Schedule some classes for practicing exercises from the book. Kids will love it!

**#4 The Dyscalculia Resource Book: Games and Puzzles for ages 7 to 14**

Ronit Bird is an experienced teacher with an excellent reputation for helping children to understand math. This book offers 100 reproducible games to help teach key aspects of numeracy. Carefully designed so that no equipment is needed beyond that found in the average home, these games and puzzles actively encourage practice in using reasoning methods. Part I focuses on addition and subtraction, and Part II targets multiplication and division.

The post Important Dyscalculia resources for Teachers appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>The post Assistive Tools & Technology for Dyscalculia appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]> The problem with dyscalculia is that it is still an under-researched and under-studied subject. Dyscalculia stays hidden behind the spotlight of Dyslexia. A worrisome fact is the numbers could be similar. In a ** recent study** that included observing mathematics performance of 2,421 primary school children over a number of school years suggested that the number of pupils with dyscalculia are similar to those with dyslexia. But only 1 out of 108 ever received an official diagnosis. People need to learn how to differentiate dyscalculia from a common math anxiety. If found with

So, you just find out that you have Dyscalculia, now what? Well, this certainly not the end of any road of your life or career. Just brush off that evil thought off your mind first. Take note that dyscalculia is not a disease that you expect it to be cured. There is no medication for it. Dyscalculia is learning disorder. It hinders your ability to do calculative tasks and solve other mathematical problems. Specialized strategic practicing is the only way out of it.

You have plenty. Consult your evaluator about it. The evaluator will refer several alter techniques in your or your kid’s study routine. Several resources, tools, and books specially created for this field will help you or your kid a long way in developing mathematical skills. This post doesn’t aim to make you go through different strategies involved in teaching a dyscalculic child. Another posts explains it in details on ** how to treat dyscalculia** effectively with alternative approaches. Our focus in this post is if Assisitive Technology is as successful in helping people with dyscalculia as in people with other disabilities. We’ll curated a list of some widely used assistivve tools and technology among dyscalculics.

Conceptual learning of mathematics is the secret of understanding it fully. Without the sound knowledge of concepts of a mathematical task, even brightest kids may fail to deliver a result let alone a kid with dyscalculia and math anxiety. Assistive devices related to math learning straight-up triggers the part of our brain that deals with concepts. A child with dyscalculia should take help of these devices as much as possible while at home while dealing with mathematical problems.

Kids with dyscalculia have major struggle in counting in early years. They generally skip numbers and get confused in sequences. Calculator is of no use this early as they are unable to solidify the basics of numbers yet. We discussed the benefit of using cubical blocks and similar objects in building number sense in our earlier blog post. Blocks can be of any type, cubes, rectangles, discs, dices etc. The main component is some kind of variation on each block, may it be different colors, or number of dots or just numbers. A perfect example learning counting through this method is by building constructing diffen=rent shapes from blocks. Turn it into fun loving game while your kid’s interest will grow in the understanding numbers through this.

A major portion of errors committed in writing generally involves lining up numbers and words properly. A ‘3’ may be facing east at place and west at the other. Similarly, ‘1’ may be erected diagonally at places or even above other numbers. Proper alignment of the numbers to form up the question is important to understand it better through visualization. Graph papers or other similar assistive tools can serve this purpose pretty well. Allowing to use graph paper instead of regular math notebook paper will help students have clear and organized visuals of the problem. Matrices of boxes in the graph paper constraints the individual numbers, symbols and operators and improves their understanding of how the concept works

Memorizing and recalling facts can pose hindrance in the pace of learning concepts of the subject. While this is essential, it shouldn’t become a barrier to learning advanced math concepts. Hence, Students with learning disabilities, such as Dyscalculia and Dyslexia, must be allowed to use desk copies of math fact sheets or charts (for example, a multiplication table fact sheet that can be kept on the desk when needed) to help compensate for memory difficulties. This way we could ensure that they share the same opportunity of learning the subject with other students without getting stuck at learning facts curriculum of the class.

Text-to-speech & Speech to text is a great tool for students that face reading and writing difficulties. Apps like **Smartynote** and Evernote widely use this technology as their prime functions. We already discussed the inferior feeling in students on unable to do maths may have overaching effect on other subjects as well. Dyscalculic students dealing with severe symptoms may develop some characteristics of dyslexia as well. Reading issues is one of them. The confidence level may deteriorate. In such cases, tools Text to Speech and Speech to Text can do wonders.

Use of calculator is usually frowned upon in class but it can seriously benefits in the case of dyscalculia. First it makes them more relax from the thought that they have to do heavy calculations. Calculators are helfpul in understanding the concepts faster as students could focus more on steps involved in the concept to arrive at the final answer. The use, however, must be tapered off gradually by encouraging students to do calculations on pen and paper.

**:** Abacus is a manual aid for calculating that consists of beads or disks that can be moved up and down on a series of sticks or strings within a usually wooden frame. It is consider one of the best way to develop number sense. Numbers are physically constructed and manipulated in Abacus. Practicing 10-15 minutes daily can effectively build your math calculative skills. If you hate to carry, You can use it in an app. Kids can try practicing mathematical basic operations through it. Abacus is proved to be greatly beneficial in building early number sense in kids.

Rekenrek is a learning tool designed by Adrian Treffers, a mathematics curriculum researcher at the Freudenthal Institute in Holland, that provides visual perspective of number relations and various mathematical operations, It consists of two rows of 10 beads. Larger versions with ten rows of ten beads are also available. Each row is made of five red beads and five white beads. The setup allows students to prepare a mental image of numbers and use it (5 or 10) as an anchor for counting, adding and subtracting.

Its important to let students get familiar with the concept first by letting them play with it for awhile.

Basic activity with Rekenrek involves asking to show a number (0-10) by moving the beads with one push. For number between 11 to 20 allow only 2 pushes.

Another good activitiy to perform using Rekenrek is by showing different ways of making a number. For this, use only the top row beads and cover the the bottom row with a folded sheet of card or piece of fabric. Slide red beads to the left and white ones to the right. Take a random between 1 to 9 (say 7). Perform different ways of making 7 like sliding 1 red and 6 white, 4 red and 3 white, 5 red and 2 white beads to the center. Once children are confident using the top row, combinations can be found using both the top and bottom rows. Children can record the different ways they find to build the given number.

The post Assistive Tools & Technology for Dyscalculia appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>