The post Important Dyscalculia resources for Teachers appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>We already talked about why early adaption of a new learning process is important for students with dyscalculia. But to achieve that the disorder has to be diagnosed first. The stats on this are worrisome. However, a vigilant teacher could play a crucial role in catching the culprit behind such learning issues at the right time.

First things first, Educators need to understand the mindset of a child suffering from dyscalculia. There are ample resources available online/offline for teachers to learn more about the elements of this under-studied and under-researched learning disorder. We curated some of them in this post.

**Numberdyslexia.com :**Numberdyslexia is the website made specifically to educate people about the learning disorders revolving around math. It keeps you updated on recent research and developments on dyscalculia and dyslexia. Learn more about the topic and learn about the issues that a kid with dyscalculia and dyslexia face on daily basis. You can also use the discussion forum to put forward your queries.-
**Mathisfun.com :**Practice is the key for building math skills. Indulge kids in practicing math with Mathisfun. The site really took it to another level in terms of making math interactive. There are a lot of exercises and games to play and improve math skills. **Teacherspayteachers :**is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials including worksheets, print-tables and charts. You can find a lot of good resources on maths topic for teachers to use it in class. TeacherspayTeachers gives you access to over 3 million resources. Just search ‘Dyscalculia’ to get over thousands of digital and resources created by other professionals.**Helpingwithmath.com :**is another website for teachers to find resources specifically for Maths. The resources are free to use which gives it an edge over TeacherspayTeachers.

**#1 Smartynote**

Smartynote is a notepad app with powerful features like OCR, Voice recognition and Text to speech. Although the app is made specifically for dyslexics, people with dyscalculia can also take the benefit as it can read numbers as well.

It really makes note taking so much easier. All you have to do is click a photo of a page or some text, it will extract the text and save it to your note. You an use voice recognition if you want the app to write note while you speak. You can also let the app dictates the saved note to you. Different color combinations and fonts are available to suit your needs. Around 20k people use this app worldwide. Teachers may encourage the use of this app to get the students to feel comfortable while writing notes etc.

**#2 BYJUS** **and similar tutoring apps**

Online coaching is in trend. Students turn to tabs for learning topics they are weak at. There are several at par online services to tutor kids. For Kids in grade 1-5 , apps like BYJUS offers best services in the industry. Its easy to use, simple UI, interactive classes and provision of progress report makes it leading over its competitors. There are several apps in market as well that provide specific tutoring services for individuals with learning disorders. For teachers, this could be a great step if they want to put forward effort on a digital platform so that maximum students could get benefit from.

**#3 NeuroNation**

NeuroNation is another brain training app with tasks and exercises similar to Lumosity. However, it majorly targets people with weak memory and concentration power (as in the case of dyscalculia).

At the moment, the program consists of 27 exercises. More than 15 million people use this app worldwide.

UI is pretty simple and easy to understand. Users can personalize activities according to their potentials. Just like Lumosity, Neuro nation also provides detailed insights of training progress. A daily 15 minutes exercise with the app is recommended. Teachers may let the students play with NeuroNation as the relaxation period or as reward.

**#1 The Dyscalculia Assessment**

The Dyscalculia Assessment is a tool for investigating pupils’ numeracy abilities. It is designed to inform a personalised teaching programme for individuals or small groups of pupils who have difficulties with numbers. The assessment was devised at Emerson House, a specialist centre in London supporting pupils with difficulties in numeracy and literacy.

**#2 Dyscalculia: from Science to Education**

Written by Brian Butterworth, Dyscalculia: from Science to Education explains the latest research in the science of dyscalculia in a clear, non-technical way. He uniquely links research to pedagogical practice, to explain how science can be used for the identification of dyscalculia, and for the development of strategies to best help affected learners acquire arithmetical competence. The text provides robust interventions that focus on helping pupils to strengthen their ability to process numerosities and link them to the familiar number symbols, counting words and digits.

**#3 The Dyscalculia Toolkit: Supporting Learning Difficulties in Maths**

With over 200 activities and 40 games this book is designed to support learners aged 6 to 14 years, who have difficulty with maths and numbers. Ronit Bird provides a clear explanation of dyscalculia, and presents the resources in a straightforward fashion. Schedule some classes for practicing exercises from the book. Kids will love it!

**#4 The Dyscalculia Resource Book: Games and Puzzles for ages 7 to 14**

Ronit Bird is an experienced teacher with an excellent reputation for helping children to understand math. This book offers 100 reproducible games to help teach key aspects of numeracy. Carefully designed so that no equipment is needed beyond that found in the average home, these games and puzzles actively encourage practice in using reasoning methods. Part I focuses on addition and subtraction, and Part II targets multiplication and division.

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]]>The post Assistive Tools & Technology for Dyscalculia appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]> The problem with dyscalculia is that it is still an under-researched and under-studied subject. Dyscalculia stays hidden behind the spotlight of Dyslexia. A worrisome fact is the numbers could be similar. In a ** recent study** that included observing mathematics performance of 2,421 primary school children over a number of school years suggested that the number of pupils with dyscalculia are similar to those with dyslexia. But only 1 out of 108 ever received an official diagnosis. People need to learn how to differentiate dyscalculia from a common math anxiety. If found with

So, you just find out that you have Dyscalculia, now what? Well, this certainly not the end of any road of your life or career. Just brush off that evil thought off your mind first. Take note that dyscalculia is not a disease that you expect it to be cured. There is no medication for it. Dyscalculia is learning disorder. It hinders your ability to do calculative tasks and solve other mathematical problems. Specialized strategic practicing is the only way out of it.

You have plenty. Consult your evaluator about it. The evaluator will refer several alter techniques in your or your kid’s study routine. Several resources, tools, and books specially created for this field will help you or your kid a long way in developing mathematical skills. This post doesn’t aim to make you go through different strategies involved in teaching a dyscalculic child. Another posts explains it in details on ** how to treat dyscalculia** effectively with alternative approaches. Our focus in this post is if Assisitive Technology is as successful in helping people with dyscalculia as in people with other disabilities. We’ll curated a list of some widely used assistivve tools and technology among dyscalculics.

Conceptual learning of mathematics is the secret of understanding it fully. Without the sound knowledge of concepts of a mathematical task, even brightest kids may fail to deliver a result let alone a kid with dyscalculia and math anxiety. Assistive devices related to math learning straight-up triggers the part of our brain that deals with concepts. A child with dyscalculia should take help of these devices as much as possible while at home while dealing with mathematical problems.

Kids with dyscalculia have major struggle in counting in early years. They generally skip numbers and get confused in sequences. Calculator is of no use this early as they are unable to solidify the basics of numbers yet. We discussed the benefit of using cubical blocks and similar objects in building number sense in our earlier blog post. Blocks can be of any type, cubes, rectangles, discs, dices etc. The main component is some kind of variation on each block, may it be different colors, or number of dots or just numbers. A perfect example learning counting through this method is by building constructing diffen=rent shapes from blocks. Turn it into fun loving game while your kid’s interest will grow in the understanding numbers through this.

A major portion of errors committed in writing generally involves lining up numbers and words properly. A ‘3’ may be facing east at place and west at the other. Similarly, ‘1’ may be erected diagonally at places or even above other numbers. Proper alignment of the numbers to form up the question is important to understand it better through visualization. Graph papers or other similar assistive tools can serve this purpose pretty well. Allowing to use graph paper instead of regular math notebook paper will help students have clear and organized visuals of the problem. Matrices of boxes in the graph paper constraints the individual numbers, symbols and operators and improves their understanding of how the concept works

Memorizing and recalling facts can pose hindrance in the pace of learning concepts of the subject. While this is essential, it shouldn’t become a barrier to learning advanced math concepts. Hence, Students with learning disabilities, such as Dyscalculia and Dyslexia, must be allowed to use desk copies of math fact sheets or charts (for example, a multiplication table fact sheet that can be kept on the desk when needed) to help compensate for memory difficulties. This way we could ensure that they share the same opportunity of learning the subject with other students without getting stuck at learning facts curriculum of the class.

Text-to-speech & Speech to text is a great tool for students that face reading and writing difficulties. Apps like **Smartynote** and Evernote widely use this technology as their prime functions. We already discussed the inferior feeling in students on unable to do maths may have overaching effect on other subjects as well. Dyscalculic students dealing with severe symptoms may develop some characteristics of dyslexia as well. Reading issues is one of them. The confidence level may deteriorate. In such cases, tools Text to Speech and Speech to Text can do wonders.

Use of calculator is usually frowned upon in class but it can seriously benefits in the case of dyscalculia. First it makes them more relax from the thought that they have to do heavy calculations. Calculators are helfpul in understanding the concepts faster as students could focus more on steps involved in the concept to arrive at the final answer. The use, however, must be tapered off gradually by encouraging students to do calculations on pen and paper.

**:** Abacus is a manual aid for calculating that consists of beads or disks that can be moved up and down on a series of sticks or strings within a usually wooden frame. It is consider one of the best way to develop number sense. Numbers are physically constructed and manipulated in Abacus. Practicing 10-15 minutes daily can effectively build your math calculative skills. If you hate to carry, You can use it in an app. Kids can try practicing mathematical basic operations through it. Abacus is proved to be greatly beneficial in building early number sense in kids.

Rekenrek is a learning tool designed by Adrian Treffers, a mathematics curriculum researcher at the Freudenthal Institute in Holland, that provides visual perspective of number relations and various mathematical operations, It consists of two rows of 10 beads. Larger versions with ten rows of ten beads are also available. Each row is made of five red beads and five white beads. The setup allows students to prepare a mental image of numbers and use it (5 or 10) as an anchor for counting, adding and subtracting.

Its important to let students get familiar with the concept first by letting them play with it for awhile.

Basic activity with Rekenrek involves asking to show a number (0-10) by moving the beads with one push. For number between 11 to 20 allow only 2 pushes.

Another good activitiy to perform using Rekenrek is by showing different ways of making a number. For this, use only the top row beads and cover the the bottom row with a folded sheet of card or piece of fabric. Slide red beads to the left and white ones to the right. Take a random between 1 to 9 (say 7). Perform different ways of making 7 like sliding 1 red and 6 white, 4 red and 3 white, 5 red and 2 white beads to the center. Once children are confident using the top row, combinations can be found using both the top and bottom rows. Children can record the different ways they find to build the given number.

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]]>The post 8 cool games for learning trigonometry appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>Critical thinking is required to have a good grip over every corner of this topic. Students must be well versed in the fundamentals. But the sad reality is, most of the students hate dealing with trigonomtery. Sporadic pattern of solutions is one of the main reason behind it. However, they do not understand that if the fundamentals aren’t clear then even simplest question would pose a doubt to their preparation. Early adaptation to the topic with good practice is the only solution to the issue.

This post has been developed keeping in mind the little learners who struggle in this topic. One thing that always work out well when dealing with issues in math i.e. mixing it with fun. There are numerous ways of turning maths into a fun learning subject. One such is to present it to the kids in a form that they like the most.

Yes, you guessed it right! GAMES. May it be indoor, outdoor, board or mobile games. Kids learn while playing. They develop analytical, strategical and spatial skills while doing it. Here is a curated list of 8 cool games for learning trigonomtery.

Project TRIG is a fun game to learn about angles and trajectory. Students can play around by adjusting angles and velocity variables to control the flight of the projectile through the cannon. The target becomes difficult to reach as the game progresses. Students can use the grid and data tables in the game so they can make connections to their formal math and physics knowledge and improve their scores. More advanced students can apply knowledge of trigonometry and projectile physics to accurately predict where projectiles will land. There are 12 levels of game play. The game is recommended for students in 5- 8th grade.

Game Link : Web

Trig Ratio Race lets you complete against another player or computer in a race to find the largest ratios of the given triangles. It encourages a student to consider all possible side-length ratios in a triangle, and then work out which of the three most important trigonometric ratios, sin, cos or tan, correspond to the ratio of largest value. It really helps in gaining a good knowledge of angles and how it shapes the triangle, which is an important component of learning and solving several questions in trigonometry.

Game Link : Web

Rocket angles is a good pratice for understanding the concepts of angle measurement. As per the theme, You’re the commander of a rocketship. Friendly space pals need your help. You have this protactor to help your buddy by finding the correct angle. To play the game, first turn the protactor and work out the angle. Type the angle in the given calculator and then press enter. If your answer is right, the rocket will shoot in the exact direction of the target.

Game Link : Web

Learn and practice the pythagorus theorem, a crucial part of Trigonometry. The activity includes finding the third of the tri numbers. You are given a triangle with two side given and have to find the third one using the pythagorus. You can set the difficult level as per your skills. Track your progress by keeping a check on your scores. The app is created by shodor.org

Game Link : Web

Exercise a good command over the various terminology of trigonometry. Users are given a set of one word substitutions in which the answer is similar to the one of terms in Trigonometry. Timer is set for 3 minutes. The game stands out with nearly 9k plays and 4.4 ratings out of 5 on sporcle.com.

Game Link : Web

Click the unit circle is good for practicing if you face difficulty in measuring radian angles. You are given a radian angle and have to find the corresponding degree angle from the angles given on the surface by clicking on it. Timer is set for 2 minutes with 16 questions to solve. The game has been played over 155k times with 4.7 star ratings out of 5 on sporcle .com.

Improve your vocabulary for Trigonometry terminologies with Trigonometry vocab. The game uses similar concept of word search puzzle, just here it is the terminologies of trigonometry that you have to find. You could choose the difficulty level according to your knowledge of the topic. Users are also provided with clues for assistance. This is one of several conceptual and educational games developed by Helpful Games.

Games Link : Web

Angry birds needs no introduction. Being quite popular among kids, Angry birds is still leading playstore charts around the world. Beside entertaining for hours, this game can be a good source of training you mind about the different arms of trigonometry. The core concept of game i.e. Shooting birds lets you practice the perfect strategy for choosing optimum projectile angle to pose maximum damage to the target. Moreover, it empowers the thinking ability of the students.

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]]>The post Dealing with algebra being a Dyscalculic appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>Like English, Algebra is a language. It requires a good practice to become fluent in it. Students have to memorize the rules and follow them in order to solve problems smoothly. ‘How you approach certain problems?’ is a crucial practice. General perception among students is that algebra is hard and confusing, which is justifiable considering the irregularity of pattern to solve every new question. Even brightest ones at one point surrender to the complex nature of certain topics, imagine being a dyscalculic.

Algebra adds a layer of burden to the daily struggle that students with learning disability, *such as dyscaculia and dyslexia*, have to go through in their academics. “Numbers wasn’t enough that they have to add letters as well” is the common thought of a dyscalculic while dealing with algebra first time. While practicing more will definitely make it a bit easier but there are certain areas which we can work upon to dealt with it better. Not just dyscalculia but every other student could benefit from it. We are not going to teach you how to do algebra in this post but how you could prepare your mind well before diving into the topic to get the best output.

**1.** **Understanding the practical nature of the question**

Probably the most important part of learning any concept of the subject is to understand its practical nature. How we can apply the problem to our day to day lives? Similar is in the case of algebra. Wiping out the redundant info and disguising the quantity is basically what we do in algebra in its inital chapters. Let’s take an example:

We will use algebra to solve the problem easily and quickly.

The prices are

a = Price ofa fish = $5

b = Price of an egg = $1

c = Price of one bread= $3

=> Money needed = a + 4b + 3c

=> Money needed = $5 + 4($1) + 3($3) = $5 + $4 + $9 = $18

Now, Instead of counting each item, the equation will serve the purpose. Variations of the prices could be perfromed without having to change the equation. This is just one case, there are endless possibilities where we can make equations out of anything.

**2.** **Practice with algebra tiles**

Algebra tiles are widely used mathematical manipulatives to help students better understand algebra. Square and rectangle shaped colored tiles are used to represent numbers and variables. As per general rule, Each small square tile, the unit tile, represents number one. If we have two tiles, then we have the number two. Red colored square tiles are used for negaive numbers, while any other color could be used for positive ones. The rectangle represents the variable, ** x**. The large square represents

FIrst we will model the equation. To achieve it, Divide the sheet or board in two parts. Keep the 3 yellow rectangle tiles (representing 3x) with 5 blue square tiles (representing number 5) on the left side and 14 blue square tiles (representing the number 14) on the right.

Now that we have modeled our equation, we will going to solve it. For our equation, Our first goal is to get the 3 yellow rectangle tiles by themselves. We need to move the 5 blue square tiles .

To move them, we need to pair them up with a different colored square. As the tiles are positives, we need to pair them up with the negative number. We, thus, need equal number of red colored tiles. We remember that whatever we do to one side, we also must do to the other side. So, we also add four blue square tiles to the right side.

Now, we can take out the blue and red tiles on the left tiles as they cancel out each other. Similar we take 5 blue and as well the red tiles from the right side.

We are left with 3 yellow rectangle on the left and 9 blue square tiles on the right. Split and rearrange the 9 blue square tiles in three qual groups. Now you can get the answer by looking at the tiles i.e each yellow rectangle represents 3 blue square tiles.

**3.** **Visualize it **

Students must be provided with as much visual presentation of the topics as possible. Try drawing the problem in mind to understand it better from every aspect. Consider objects in place of numbers and variables to form the equation in mind. Students must be encouraged to visualise the problems. Take the help of manipulatives to visualize it better. Let students analyze the problem and jot down important points out of it .

**4.** **Revision is the key**

Write and revise is the mantra that not just people with dyscalculia but every student must follow. It may look time consuming but the conceptual clarification and long term retention definitely worth it. Just write whatever you’ve been taught. Mastering algebra is nothing but a game of revising and practicing it as much as possible. Discuss with your friends, peers or any guardian about it. Explore ideas, concepts and opinions around it. Sum it up and revise what you just did. You can make side notes for more clarification in future.

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]]>The post Top 10 games for improving number sense appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>Number Sense is usually weak in people with dyscalculia. Good number sense skill is a must for performing complex mathematical operations and functions. Kids with dyscalculia often struggles with these basic skills. Early adaptation of a new learning process is one way to deal with it.

There are several resources both available online/offline to help you out. Coaxing a child to learn in a new way is a delicate task that needs to handled with care. There is a fine line between teching a new trick or forcing to learn. The idea here is to make learning, a fun. There are numerous ways of turning maths into a fun learning subject. One such is to present it to the kids in a form that they like the most.

Yes, you guessed it right! GAMES. May it be indoor, outdoor, board or mobile games. Kids learn while playing. They develop analytical, strategical and spatial skills while doing it. Here is a curated list of top 10 free mobile games for building number sense. The games listed are carefully chosen based on their application in building number sense and mental math skills.

Connect as much similar numbers as possible before you ran out of moves. The longer the line, the more points you get and the longer you’ll survive in this 2 for 2 game. . The numbers will add up in multiples of 2. Game becomes really interesting and challenging as you progress.

The app encourages kids to think ahead of the steps and plan better to score maximum points. The game turns highly addictive once you start playing. However, too many ads inclusion may ruin the gameplay. The game has been downloaded more than a million times on android playstore and sitting at 4.2 star ratings.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

Math 24 lets you practice mental math skills with numbers and operators on screen with a single goal of making it to 24. The game have stage mode and speed mode. The latter tests the automaticity level of your math fact fluency. Graphics are although minimalistic but adorn the gameplay. The best part is that it test an individual’s strategic abilities in maths. Kids can use different operator as per their strategy to make it to the 24 number.

The stage mode have 15 levels and 300 well designed levels with varying difficulty level. More than 100,000 users play this game worldwide. It’s currently sitting 4.3 star rating at playstore.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

Threes is an addicting puzzle game that test an individual’s mathematical strategic ability. Users have to make 3’s and it multiples by swiping blocks of numbers placed on board. Numbers are added when pushed against boundary of the board. Players have to make numbers under certain rules and conditions. As the game progresses, the steps become limited due to movement constraints. The success depends upon the player’s forevision in the game. Threes is a fairly popular game with close to million people playing it at the moment.

Toon math is the product mix of popular endless runner genre games and math as educational component. Players need to solve math problems while running and dodging obstacles to save their friends. Game features impressive mechanics, and the transaction from playing to solving math operations is smoothly done. The game tests automaticity of your math fluency skills. The timer on game ensures that you put your mental math skills to work.

Amazing graphics and intense gameplay will let your kid hooked to it for hours. Toon math is the game for almost any age group. Toon math lets you play the game at your own pace. Toon math is available on playstore and amazon app store at the moment. More than 500,000 users play this game worldwide. It is sitting at 4.5 star ratings at the android playstore.

Links: Android Playstore

Monster Math is an educational adventure platform game that improves over 70 math skills including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and fractions. The gameplay involves guiding the player by giving answers of math equations to kill monsters and obstacles. The best part of the game is the customizability. You can configure the level of the game according to the pace. It covers age group of students from KG to Grade 5th. As per the description of the game:

Monster Math has something for kids in each grade in primary –

✓ Kindergarten – Basic shape recognition, add within 5

✓ Grade 1 – Addition within 10, 20, Subtraction

✓ Grade 2 – Two-digit Addition and subtraction, multiplication tables.

✓ Grade 3 – Multiplication, division. Two-digit add and subtract within 100, mentally.

✓ Grade 4 – Three-digit addition and subtraction, multiplication tables till 20, division problems

✓ Grade 5 – Advanced arithmetic, Primes and factors and Multiples, Fractions – equivalence, comparison and representation.

Developed by *Makkajai: Math Games for 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th grade*, Monster math has been installed in more than 100,000 devices world wide. Its currently sitting at 4.0 star ratings on playstore.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

Number Color is an engaging game suitable for little learners. You’ll be given a figure (Emoticons, Squirrels etc.) divided in numbered pixels. Players have to fill the color corresponding to the number given to the color. In this way, kids interact both with numbers and its applications to the elements. The game have hundreds of free pictures to color , dozens of categories with 9 beautiful artworks of each. Kids can save and share their achievements. Number Color has been downloaded more than 500,000 times and is currently sitting at 4.1 star ratings.

Links: Android Playstore

Abacus is a manual aid for calculating that consists of beads or disks that can be moved up and down on a series of sticks or strings within a usually wooden frame. Practicing abacus is consider one of the best way to develop number sense. Numbers are physically constructed and manipulated in Abacus. Practicing 10-15 minutes daily can effectively build your math calculative skills.

One problem with abacus is that its difficult to carry it everywhere. **Know Abacus** app is here to serve this purpose. You can carry virtual abacus on your smartphones and play with it anytime you want. You have to perform steps on Know abacus according to the tasks given by the app. The app is developed by developer, *Kittipong Mungnirun * and over 500k people use it worldwide.

Developed by Scholastic educational team, Sushi Monster is a fun game to test and practice your math fact fluency. Users need to solve a series of addition and multiplication problems by feeding the monster numbered plates of sushi. Players are given a series of product and sums. They need to build correct equations to feed the monster within the timeframe. Quicker they give the correct solution, higher the score will be.

The game tests more than just mental math abilities, players need to plan ahead , as the order in which they choose sushi plates will determine if they fully complete the level. Sushi Monster is recommended for children aged 6 and older. It is currently sitting at 4.0 star rating at app store. At the moment, Sushi monster have 7 additon levels, 5 multiplication levels, 4 rounds/level and 14 target numbers/round.

Links: Apple Appstore

Balls vs Blocks is a classic bricks breaker game with a mix of numbers. Players have to select a direction and shoot the ball to break the bricks. The bricks have the durability factor and the player’s goal is to reduce it to zero in order to destroy it. Players can take their time to aim. Implementation of durability number makes the game quite engaging. Players have to think ahead of best possible to shoot to reduce maximum numbers down. Balls vs Blocks has been downloaded more than a million times and is currently sitting at 4.3 star ratings at Playstore.

Links: Android Playstore

Prodigy game is the perfect example of ‘learning while playing’. It lets you practice concepts of mathematics in interactive way. As per description, Prodigy delivers a unique learning experience through an interactive math game where success depends on correctly answering skill-building math questions. Players can earn rewards, go on quests and play with friends — all while learning new skills.

The app mainly targets kids with age upto 6-12. Its user base comprises of over a million teachers and 50 million students around the world. Parents can monitor their child’s progress through the levels and understanding of the concepts. Teachers should allow students a 10 minute play in class as a reward of completing a task. This will motivate students and give them a sense of achievement.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

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]]>The post 100 Orton Gillingham Red Words List appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>An important component of Orton Gillingham approach is the practice of red words. For those unaware, ‘Red Words’ are the non-phonetic words, meaning that they don’t follow the usual phonics rules. Red words are generally called ‘Sight Words’. Instead of stopping to decode these words, students are taught to recognize them immediately “by sight,”

Red words, *collectively*, make up more than 50% of the content a young learner may encounter while reading. Practicing to recognize these words helps in building fluency and speed in reading. Students having learning disorders like dyslexia, generally struggles in memorizing these words with conventional methods. Adapting a multi sensory practice is a good start to get these into the minds of little learners. But first, we got to make ourselves aware of what exactly are these red words. So, here is the list of 100 Orton Gillingham Red Words for practice.

Download the pdf print from here.

To practice these words effectively, multi sensory practice should be a part of the routine. There are ample ways to incorporate this practice. Finger tracing is one such common activity. Student is asked to trace letters (Orton Gillingham Red Words) he/she wrote on the pad, notebook, board or anything he/she comfortable with. While tracing, Student has to to spell the word simultaneously as well. When finished, slide the finger under the word while reading the word. 4-5 iterations of this exercise is recommended. Same practice can be done in several variations to keep the interest of the students. Students can try writing the words on sand or in a tray of shaving cream.

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]]>The post Top 10 fun games for building math fluency appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>“Three plus five equals to…”

Most of us have self-answered the above with a blink of a second, without even worrying to recheck it. We know that the answer would be correct as we are confident on our math recalling skills. Our repeated experience with such problems on our day to day basis made us fluent in solving them without using any assistance. This is called Math Fluency. It’s an ability to do maths and solve numerical related tasks accurately and quickly. We become more and more fluent in maths as our interaction with it grows with age.

However, In some students with math difficulties, the impetus of math fluency may not achieve that level as expected from an individual of that age. Some early interventions are required in such cases. A new learning process should be adapted. There are numerous ways of turning maths into a fun learning subject. One such is to present it to the kids in a form that they like the most.

Yes, you guessed it right! GAMES. May it be indoor, outdoor, board or mobile games. Kids learn while playing. They develop analytical, strategical and spatial skills while doing it. Introducing a bit of numeral facts and tasks in these activites have proven to be quite helpful in building strong mental math skills in long run.

We curated a list of top 10 free mobile games for building math fluency. Our focus in this post is on the games that help in building math facts and numerical automacticity. We tried reaching every corner for it and thus, coming up with apps that people find useful in improving such skills.

Developed by Scholastic educational team, Sushi Monster is a fun game to test and practice your math fact fluency. Users need to solve a series of addition and multiplication problems by feeding the monster numbered plates of sushi. Players are given a series of product and sums. They need to build correct equations to feed the monster within the timeframe. Quicker they give the correct solution, higher the score will be.

The game tests more than just mental math abilities, players need to plan ahead , as the order in which they choose sushi plates will determine if they fully complete the level. Sushi Monster is recommended for children aged 6 and older. It is currently sitting at 4.0 star rating at app store. At the moment, Sushi monster have 7 additon levels, 5 multiplication levels, 4 rounds/level and 14 target numbers/round.

Links: Apple Appstore

Monster Math is an educational adventure platform game that improves over 70 math skills including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and fractions. The gameplay involves guiding the player by giving answers of math equations to kill monsters and obstacles. The best part of the game is the customizability. You can configure the level of the game according to the pace. It covers age group of students from KG to Grade 5th. As per the description of the game:

Monster Math has something for kids in each grade in primary –

✓ Kindergarten – Basic shape recognition, add within 5

✓ Grade 1 – Addition within 10, 20, Subtraction

✓ Grade 2 – Two-digit Addition and subtraction, multiplication tables.

✓ Grade 3 – Multiplication, division. Two-digit add and subtract within 100, mentally.

✓ Grade 4 – Three-digit addition and subtraction, multiplication tables till 20, division problems

✓ Grade 5 – Advanced arithmetic, Primes and factors and Multiples, Fractions – equivalence, comparison and representation.

Developed by *Makkajai: Math Games for 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th grade*, Monster math has been installed in more than 100,000 devices world wide. Its currently sitting at 4.0 star ratings on playstore.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

10monkeys Multiplication lets you practice your multiplication skills and become fluent at it. The theme of the game revolves around saving trapped monkeys by solving multiplication problems. The app is really engaging. The game becomes challenging as it progresses, by pace and difficulty level.

The game features 12 mini games to offer variety in practicing table from 2 to 12. The game is available in english, spanish, german and finnish. Close to a million players use this app.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

Designed for kids in Kindergarten to Grade 6, Zapzapmath School makes math learning really fun. Kids can play sundry concepts of math with new adventure at every stage. It features over 180 games that cover over 180 math subtopics. The games adapt to the learning pace of the individuals, increasing its replay value.

Each math topic is divided into 4 Skill Areas: Training, Accuracy, Speed and Mission. Hence, it makes sure that the math fact fluency is well tested while playing the game. Parents can track the progress of kid’s learning via. web dashboard. Reports are generated on an individual basis for players who are under parent accounts and collectively for student players under teacher accounts. The game has been installed in more than 100,000 devices worldwide.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

Toon math is the product mix of popular endless runner genre games and math as educational component. Players need to solve math problems while running and dodging obstacles to save their friends. Game features impressive mechanics, and the transaction from playing to solving math operations is smoothly done. The game tests automaticity of your math fluency skills. The timer on game ensures that you put your mental math skills to work.

Amazing graphics and intense gameplay will let your kid hooked to it for hours. Toon math is the game for almost any age group. Toon math lets you play the game at your own pace. Toon math is available on playstore and amazon app store at the moment. More than 500,000 users play this game worldwide. It is sitting at 4.5 star ratings at the android playstore.

Links: Android Playstore

Prodigy game is the perfect example of ‘learning while playing’. It lets you practice concepts of mathematics in interactive way. As per description, Prodigy delivers a unique learning experience through an interactive math game where success depends on correctly answering skill-building math questions. Players can earn rewards, go on quests and play with friends — all while learning new skills.

The app mainly targets kids with age upto 6-12. Its user base comprises of over a million teachers and 50 million students around the world. Parents can monitor their child’s progress through the levels and understanding of the concepts. Teachers should allow students a 10 minute play in class as a reward of completing a task. This will motivate students and give them a sense of achievement.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

TapToLearn games is an arcade style fun and challenging game, where you save the city from the zombies. You, as the math genius, have the superpowers to turn zombies back into normal human being. However, you need to solve math operations like addition, product, subtraction etc. first to use these powers. The game becomes challenging with as stronger and more powerful zombies approaches. You are required to solve the equations quickly before it attacks you and eat your entire health bar.

Math vs Zombies have 4 worlds with 7 levels each to sharpen your addition, subtraction, multiplication and division skills. Parents and Teachers can track the progress of the child at the report card area of the app. Over 150,000 users play this game worldwide.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

Threes is an addicting puzzle game that test an individual’s mathematical strategic ability. Users have to make 3’s and it multiples by swiping blocks of numbers placed on board. Numbers are added when pushed against boundary of the board. Players have to make numbers under certain rules and conditions. As the game progresses, the steps become limited due to movement constraints. The success depends upon the player’s forevision in the game. Threes is a fairly popular game with close to million people playing it at the moment.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

Math 24 lets you practice mental math skills with numbers and operators on screen with a single goal of making it to 24. The game have stage mode and speed mode. The latter tests the automaticity level of your math fact fluency. Graphics are although minimalistic but adorn the gameplay. The best part is that it test an individual’s strategic abilities in maths. Kids can use different operator as per their strategy to make it to the 24 number.

The stage mode have 15 levels and 300 well designed levels with varying difficulty level. More than 100,000 users play this game worldwide. It’s currently sitting 4.3 star rating at playstore.

Links: Android Playstore | Apple Appstore

Space arcade game was a huge part of our childhood that we just can’t forget. We use to spend hours on those games. Rasofia games tried brining this nostalgia with additional ingredient of educational component i.e maths. While you’re stuck in battle , you are required to give quick answer to the math quiz thrown at you at your turn. Campaign and versus ar available to keep you busy. The game test mental calculation ability at every turn. The AI algorithm used wil ensure that the game stays challenging for you according to your pace.

Links: Android Playstore

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]]>The post How to test for math anxiety in kids? appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>Unfortunately, Majority of cases of math anxiety remain unreported as symptoms may overlooked as ‘general fear of exams’. Not enough research makes it extremely hard to differentiate its symptom from a common exam fear. A 2014 report by British Organisation National Numeracy showed that while 57 percent of U.K. adults were functionally literate, just 22 percent reached the level of functionally numerate. Math anxiety is said to be major contributing factor in this. The numbers are concerning. hence, we gotta need more eyes on this.

In order to effectively test for math anxiety, we got three crucial steps to follow. First one is to look for physical symptoms to self test for math anixety initially. The symptoms discussed will appear during exams (especially exams involving numerical, and arithmetic) or while solving a mathematical problem. Second one is to take the help of screener tools to look up for developmental dyscalculia or any other math related difficulty that may be contributing to the anxiety issues. Third one is to take a quiz in order to get an idea about your math anxiety levels. Do note that although you can try this at your own but official diagnosis cannot be made out of this. Intervention of a professional expert in the field is required to confirm a diagnosis. Do consult a qualified special education worker to do a full evaluation if you feel like you’re dealing with the math anxiety.

General symptoms to look for in a individuals with math anxiety

- Excessive worrying about a class test or exam related to maths. Student may seem unnecessarily worried.

- Students with math anxiety tend to feel inferior among peers. They never expect to know the answer of the math question. The student may feel embarrassed when confronted with a math task in class and will hesitate to ever ask a doubt to the teacher.

- Individiuals with math anxiety will make every attempt to avoid maths.

- Individuals with math anxiety generally make unrealistic, over critical statements about themselves whenever they feel anxious. They demoralizing themselves for not putting enough effort.

- Difficulty in concentrating on the subject.

- Physically observable symptoms, such as dry mouth, sweating, rapid heartbeat, restlessness, may appear while giving math tests.

Unfortunately, No particular protocol is avaliable at the moment to screen for math anxiety. However, A systemic approach needs to be followed to look for it. It is required that we be sure that if math is playing the major role in bringing such notions in student. The level/severity of math learning disability needs to be analyzed as well. That said, the following screening tools in helpful in giving such insights.

**1. KeyMath–3 Diagnostic Assessment**

KeyMath-3 tests the understanding of mathematical concepts and skills. Knowledge of Addition, subtraction and other numerical facts is administered. The problems asked in the test is presented by linking math with real world contexts using items that require standard and non-standard problem-solving strategies. The result gives an insight of the strength and weakness of a child in the subject. It helps in discovering which specific part of it triggers the anxiety issue and what steps could be taken to reduce it.

**2. Test of Mathematical Abilities (TOMA-3)**

TOMA-3 is used to identify, describe, and quantify mathematical deficits in school age children 8 to 18. Students are tested math concepts like word problems, computation and math symbols. The ability of a child to use mathematics in relation to everyday life is tested. Attitude towards math is also analyzed. Students are asked to express their attitudes about mathematics instruction and their self-perceptions regarding their own abilities and achievement.

To self test the possibility of math anixety, take the quiz below that involves 10 scenarios related to your interaction with mathematics. Consider how you’d feel in any of these situations — from no big deal to severe panick attack — and then pick the option that best describes you. Credit to this quiz goes to Professor Freedman, An expert on math anxiety. You can check out her official site to know more about her take on this issue.

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]]>The post DSM-5 criteria for diagnosing Dyscalculia and Dyslexia appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]> The *Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders* (*DSM*) is the handbook used by health care experts as universal authority in North America, South America, Australia, and many other European countries for diagnosis of mental disorders. It enable professionals to communicate about mental health disorders using a common language. In simple term, one should look up for DSM-5 guide to know , what constitutes a mental disorder officially.

DSM category for learning disorders, such as dyslexia and dyscalculia, underwent a significant change between DSM-IV and DSM-5, sparking alot of controversy and criticism from dyslexia advocacy groups due to its failure to code Dyslexia and Dyscalculia as a distinct type of Specific Learning Disability (SLD). According to DSM-5, SLD is a type of neurodevelopmental disorder that impedes a person’s ability to learn and use specific academic skills, such as reading, writing and arithmetic, which serve as the foundation for most other academic learning.

While DSM-5 acknowledges the impact of dyslexia as a learning disorder and the need of the hour, its compilers chose not to use this label to codify learning disorders in reading. So, In DSM-5, there is one overaching category of SLD with ‘specifiers’ to characterize learning difficulty in three major academic domains, namely reading **(dyslexia)**, writing, mathematics **(dyscalculia)**. Another major shift in diagnosis criteria between DSM-IV and DSM-5 was the elimination of the ‘IQ-achievement discrepancy.’ According to DSM-5, Individual cognitive profiles based on neuropsychological testing are more useful for understanding intellectual disabilities than a single IQ score. Now, DSM-5 requires four criteria to confirm a clinical diagnosis of SLD.

**Criteria A (Key Characteristics**)

Difficulty in mastering reading, writing, arithmetic skills, number sense, number facts or calculation and mathematical reasoning in school age years. The difficulty persisted for atleast 6 months and is failed to improve despite the provision of intervention that deal with these difficulties.

**Criteria B (Measurement & Analysis**)

The difficulty led to the affected academic skill to be substantially and quantifiably below those expected for the individual’s chronological age. It will be assessed through a standardised achievement tests and the analysis is done based on cut off. For individuals aged 17 and older, a documented history of impairing learning difficulties may be substituted for the standardized assessment.

**Criteria C (Age of Onset)**

The learning difficulty may begin in the early years of schooling, but may not fully manifest until young adulthood in some individuals until the demands for those affected academic skills exceed the individual’s abilities.

**Criteria D**

Any other disorder, such as Intellectual Disabilities, auditory or visual acuity problems, other mental or neurological disorders or adverse conditions, such as psychosocial adversity, lack of proficiency in the language of instruction, inadequate instruction that may have plausible explanation for the difficulties being experienced by the individual must be taken into account first before confirming the diagnosis.

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]]>The post Top 5 apps for learning with Orton Gillingham approach appeared first on Number Dyslexia.

]]>Orton Gillingham is widely regarded teaching approach designed for struggling readers, such as in case of dyslexia. Named after reading and language pioneers, **Samuel Torrey Orton (1879-1948)** and **Anna Gillingham (1878-1963)** , Orton Gillingham approach focuses on teaching connections between letters and sounds. It also uses multisensory approach to teach reading which involves using visualization, hearing, touch and movement to form connection. Other than that, it recognizes learning needs of an individual student as the pace, learning style, topic strength varies student to student.

Many reading programs designed for students with dyslexia are developed based on Orto Gillingham approach. Students with learning disabilities, like dyslexia and dyscalculia can take the help of various tools and apps that follows orton gillingham approach for self learning.

We curated a list of top 5 mobile apps for learning with Orton Gillingham approach. Our focus was on apps that satisfactorily utilizes the various components of Orton Gillingham model in one way or another for its prime functionality. Students can use these apps to support reading and writing, make learning more accessible and/or reinforce literacy skills and build confidence.

This app improves the reading abilities of a child by following ‘multi sensory’ approach. It focuses on learning the sounds of the letters which constitutes the foundation of reading. This widely popular app is recommended for imparting strong phonemic and letter awareness. The app involves 3 levels of sequential learning, namely Sounds to Images, Sounds to Lowercase Letters, Lowercase Letters to Images. This app features 4 words pictures for each letter. Each letter will repeat its sound when touched and each photo will say its name when touched. Developed by PRESCHOOL UNIVERSITY, ABC MAGIC PHONICS is used by more than 500,000 people worldwide.

Links : Appstore

ArtikPix app uses flashcards and matching activities to help a child focus on specific sounds as they work on their language development. The app have nearly a 1000 brightly decorated cards separated into 21 different decks that are organized by what speech pathologists call phonemes, or individual sounds, such as: th, f, v, sh, etc. The sound of the phenome is played when a flashcard appears, encouraging the child’s ability to recognize the sound, attach it to an image, and see it written. In the flashcard activity, the sound groups are ordered and configured for shuffling to individualize practice for children using the words alone and in sentences. The flashcards are then practiced in an easy-to-use flick album. In the matching activity, the words are randomized in easy (3 pairs), medium (6 pairs), and hard (10 pairs) levels. The matching activity is a fun way for children to practice their speech sounds while data is still collected.

Links : Appstore

Smartynote is a notepad app with powerful features like OCR, Voice recognition and Text to speech. Although the app is made specifically for dyslexics, people with dyscalculia can also take the benefit as it can read numbers as well.

It really makes note taking so much easier. All you have to do is click a photo of a page or some text, it will extract the text and save it to your note. You an use voice recognition if you want the app to write note while you speak. You can also let the app dictates the saved note to you. Different color combinations and fonts are available to suit your needs. Around 20k people use this app worldwide.

Links: Android Playstore

Art of Glow lets you create glowing artwork on display screen using your finger. It serves the prime goal of Orton Gillingham approach, i.e. using alternate pathways to learn. Kids can try out different words and alphabets using Art of Glow. The dynamics of app makes it really interestng and highly engaging. Kids can put forward their imagination on to screen. The ability to interact with the graphics make it more understandable and memorizable. Currently there are over 10 million users of this app worldwide.

Links: Appstore | Android Playstore

Storykit is a fun learning app that lets you create electronic storybook. Let your imagination flow and pull an awesome stroy out of it. Users can simply write some text, illustrate by drawing on the screen or upload photographs from existing albums, record sounds into the story, and lay out all the elements. StoryKit was designed by researchers at the University of Maryland’s Human-Computer Interaction Lab as a basis for studying how mobile devices can be a conduit for children to work with their family members doing creative and educational activities.

Links: Appstore

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