Ever wonder what would happen if you lost the directional abilities? Reaching destination will be near to impossible if you keep on messing left or right. Of-course, Google Maps have really made our lives easy. But still, you’ll be having a very hard time relating delta distance between point A and B on GPS vs real life. An adult with a driving license and dyscalculia probably face this difficulty every day. So, what exactly is like for a person with dyscalculia to drive? Is it dangerous? How he/she should manage it?
Dyscalculia and Driving : The issues Faced
Driving is the skill that although looks so common, is actually very complicated. There is a lot of thought process that goes into the brain while driving, which is hardly ever noticed owing to the several years of our experience with driving. Note that our brain is not designed to handle too many tasks at once. Driving a car is already a multi-task to some extent. I mean, you got to take care of steering, pedals, transmission and road. Furthermore, You got to be aware of speed limits, distance and path green boards. Driving involves different parts of our brain to coordinately works to ensure safe driving.
The Frontal lobe that triggers warning signals. The Parietal lobe acts as your gauge on how hard you hit the brakes, or how far you steer during an emergency. The Occipital lobe gives the visual responses and is responsible for your navigational analysis while driving. Lastly, the Temporal lobe gives you alertness based on what you hear.
For a person with dyscalculia, this may not be easy at all. It has been evident from several studies that dyslexia is directly related to dyscalculia. Although, dyscalculia doesn’t necessarily mean having dyslexia, or vice versa. Some of the attributes of Dyslexia may apply to a person with dyscalculia as well. Directional difficulty is one of them. It just not only about counting numbers. It can seriously impacts our day to day activites with driving being one of them. There are several issues that a dyscalculic face while driving. Let’s take a look at some of these.
Sense of Direction: Dyscalculics may have poor understanding of directions which is reflected in their driving. Getting confused with left and right turns. Even GPS does no good when directions are need to be translated in real scenarios. High probability of getting lost while following directions in order. They also have a hard time correlating wheel’s rotation with steering direction. As a result, parallel parking and driving in reverse is just another nightmare.
Spatial Relations: It may be a common knowledge about how much distance is a 1, 2, 3 or 100 kms. People have a sense for how an object is located in space with relation to some reference object. We rely on google maps to tell us where we are and how much distance is left. Dyscalculia may have a hard time dealing with it. They may drive 16km for a distance that was merely 4km on map.
Reading and Understanding Sign Boards: Years of our driving experience made our brain as such that it keeps on looking for instruction boards in our sub consious mind while driving. Even after knowing that we reached our city, we still look for a ‘welcome’ board to confirm it. The majority of instructions are symbol based. Our brain should work fast enough to interpret these symbols and perform necessary action within the timeframe. I mean, you don’t want to miss the turn to the flyover otherwise you will be putting another 20km on the road. Driving is already a huge task for a dyscalculic (mostly but not every) to handle, interpreting sign boards just add another layer to their burden. They may have a hard time reading numbers on boards properly. In a city like chandigarh, where area is divided in numeral sectors, a person with dyscalculia may get lost in oblivion.
Road Guidelines: Always wear seatbelt, do not cross red light, maintaining speed limit, not using parking indicators, using wrong side indicators are some of the important guidelines of driving. When there is too much to consider, it becomes harder even for a normal person to follow, imagine being a dyscalculic. What’s my speed? Am i using the right indicator? Should i cross now? Fighting these questions and then anxiety ensues.
Road Anxiety: The fear of road is pretty common in people and so does in people with dyscalculia. Messing things up, failing and accidentally breaking a traffic rule are some of common thoughts a person with LD probably go through while driving. This can seriously impact a person’s ability to function on a daily basis if they need to drive to work or drive for a living.
How to manage it?
Firstly, It’s better to avoid driving if it isn’t necessary.There are times when you don’t really need to drive but you do it because why not? Still, we’ll scope out the aspect of not driving for now. It’s just not an option, some of our daily lives dependent upon it. However, you might want to consult first with some experts in the field if your dyscalculia is severe, or have another disorder alongwith dyscalculia. Do mention your learning disability to the driving instructor. Opt for a specialist driving program for your training. Look for driving instructors that specifically caters to your needs. Once, you get a good hold of it, then practice practice and practice. There is no specific solution for driving with dyscalculia. It all depends upon how you’ll be able make driving as comfortable as possible. We compiled a list of options you can have, to counter your issues while driving.
Google Maps Voice Feature: if you use google maps for navigation, it is highly recommended to use the voice feature to tell you directions in real time. By default, the voice function is already on in the application. If not, then follow the below steps to do it :
- Open google maps on your smartphone.
- Tap the menu icon at top-left corner of the screen. A side navigation bar will appear.
- Choose ‘Settings’ from side navigation bar.
- Tap on the ‘Navigation Settings’ near the middle menu.
- Turn on the ‘Play audio cues’ option.
- You also change volume and voices suiting best to your ears.
This feature eases any difficulties responding to the navigational calls. As it signals any turns and diversions few secs earlier, you don’t have to worry about any spatial miscalculations.
Have a Back up: Whenever possible, drive while someone accompanying you. Go with someone with driving experience to assist you on road. Getting real time assistance from a human being is way better and comforting than relying on technology. And if, for some unknown reason, your brain decided to turn on the severe panic mode, then your buddy can take the wheels for the moment.
Progressive muscle relaxation: Do progressive muscle relaxing exercises just before driving to keep you calm while driving on road. Doing pmr for about 20 minutes on regular basis will train you how to hold and release tension whenever body demands. This can improve your sense of control over your mood, reduce the frequency of panic attacks, and increase your concentration. There are many pmr related exercises to try but we specifically mentioned ones that will help you calm yourself while driving.
First, sit in a comfortable position, with eyes closed. Tighten each muscle group for 7-10 seconds and then release it for 15 – 20 seconds. Do following in any order as you’re comfortable with but it’s recommend to start with the upper body and then move to the lower part:
- Take few deep breaths. Expand belly as you breathe in and contract as you exhale.
- Lift your shoulder to your ears, hold, then release and breathe.
- Make a fist with your left hand, tighten the muscles in your lower and upper arm, hold, then release. Breathe in and out. Repeat it with the other hand.
- Concentrate on your back, squeezing shoulder blades together. Hold, then release. Breathe in and out.
- Tighten left thigh by clenching it’s biceps, hold, then release. Breathe in and out. Repeat it with the other thigh.
- Flex your left calf, hold, then release. Repeat with left calf.
- Tense your toes on left foot, hold, then release. Repeat with right foot.
Make sure you know the traffic rules: Always the one unprepared will get scared during the exam. Prepare yourself before driving. keep yourself aware of traffic rules. Use notes to keep reminding you about the rules. Use a reminder app to revisit the rules list. Keep a quick rule book with you and revise once in a while. Stress on learning symbols. Quiz yourself often randomly. Use apps to do it for you. Maintain records of rules that you often forget. Practice them regularly.
Assistive Equipments: Prepare yourself well for driving. Use assistance to ensure safety. There are several on the market but only a couple actually serves the need of a person with a learning disability. The idea here is to make driving as comfortable for your eyes and mind.
Buy a Digital Speedometer to keep you updated on the speed. Keep it at a location with easy visibility without blocking any road view. Make sure the color combination is easy to your eyes.
Instead of re-opening google maps on mobile to look up for maps. Try getting your hands on GPS device for your car if you don’t have one. Almost every GPS does a fine job for assistance but recommended are the ones with warning voice signals, simple user interface, good display and animations, accurately updated maps. You can also use mobile holders for this purpose, however we want least distraction on your mind while driving.
Sticky notes on car windshield is a big no. It blocks your view and you don’t want any adhesive on the glass at all. As said earlier that we don’t want any distractions while driving. Hence, we’ll scope out the use of smartphone as well. The best thing to do is to use Notepad or a Memopad. Use ones that can be attached to the dashboard with side pocket for pen (In case you forget it). Place it so that its easy visibile without blocking any front view.
We looked at some of the aspects of how a person feel while driving. It’s not easy. The constant fear of getting yourself in danger while driving can make a serious impact on a person’s day to day life. The one ultimate solution is to simulate the experience as much as possible. Practice till you perfect it. Join a good training school and mention your learning disability. Driving is not dangerous at all if you are well prepared for it no matter what your LD is. If you attained a driving license then government trusted you to go on road with condition to always follow the rules.