Numbers indicating prevalence of dyslexia is really terrifying. According to ldonline, 5 to 15 percent of Americans—14.5 to 43.5 million children and adults— have dyslexia. Not only this, 1 out of every 5 individual is at risk of developing dyslexia at some point of their life. If taken whole world into the account, we reach some really crazy numbers.
For those still unaware, Dyslexia is a specific learning disability in reading. Kids with dyslexia have trouble connecting the letters they see to the sounds those letters make. Dyslexia affects the part of the brain that deals with processing language and graphic symbols. Now, it becomes really important for a person to diagnose dyslexia early at life to manage it successfully. As we always say, early adaptation of a new learning process is the key to beat any learning disability.
It is important to note that characteristics of dyslexia is not same in every individual. The level of its severity is different in different groups. In some cases, it is near to asymptomatic, but in others the symptoms are obvious. It affects in different way to indivudals in different age group. For some it have no effect on their daily tasks but in others, the routines are severely hindered, such as driving on road.
Three Levels of Dyslexia
The point is that a single definition of dyslexia is just not enough. Therefore, it is required to put these in subgroups to easily recognize what we are dealing with. Even though, the classification is not medically defined, but majorly dyslexia is categorized in three levels of severity. These are mild, moderate and severe dyslexia.
1.) Mild Level Dyslexia : Mild level of dyslexia is generally observed in early years. Sometimes, it is hard to differentiate this level of severity from common classroom anxiety. In some cases, it shows close to no symptoms at all. Scary part is that mild level dyslexia may not ever be screened as parents may just consider their child being just lazy.
Fortunately, person with mild dyslexia will continue with ordinary career. This level doesn’t affect our daily life to that extent. Student may get slightly irritated on reading and spelling. He/She will make fewer mistakes during reading than moderate and severe level but still not that comparable to the other non-dyslexic individuals.
Cascading effect to other subject or activities is generally not observed. As the year passes, child will eventually manage to control it. Still subject must be regularly examined as there is possibility that it ends up reaching moderate and severe levels.
2.) Moderate Level Dyslexia : Symptoms of moderate level dyslexia are a bit severe than mild level. Student’s notebook often covered with red marks for correction by teachers. This level affects majorly the literature skills of the child. Its affect has not been observed that much on other subjects. Again, students with moderate level may end up with their ordinary career but requires intervention at right time. Therefore, it is required to have an early intervention to prevent further worsening of the condition.
The level affects the child psychologically too. Individuals on this level will generally show some sort of classroom anxiety. They shy away from reading and engaging in classroom debates. Teachers are required to keep a regular check on the child’s behaviour. An environment of care by elders is what most required in situations like these.
3.) Severe Level Dyslexia : Individuals with serious case of dyslexia needs intervention right away. Such cases are obvious by observation. It is just not anxiety anymore, kids want to completely boycott the studies, specially reading and spelling. Spelling mistakes are way frequent than mild and moderate level. The child could be seen not at all comfortable while reading. The effects are very much pronounced in other subjects as well. This has been observed in a study where students with dyslexia are seen struggling in maths as well.
Directional difficulty is commonly seen in severe cases. They often struggles in understanding directions such as left, right, east and west. Adults with severe dyslexia will have trouble in driving as well. This level affects daily lives to the great extent. Students develop a sense of inferiority complex in them, which is then reflectedby not participating in other extra curricular activities. A serious intervention is required at early level to have a good grip over it. If possible, parents must talk to a special educator to work on their child.
Next Course of Action
Kids must be frequently rewarded for any effort they put to get over it, as it provides them a sense of accomplishment which will be very beneficial in long term on how they observe each task. Teachers or personal tutors need to approach differently while teaching. Relaxed environment is pretty essential. Child must not be forced to be competitive right away. Give him/her time. Stress of competition can hammer any possible interest in studies.
We are aware that the numbers might scare you. Definitely you are wandering about what level you are dealing with. The motive of this post is not at all to demoralize but to educate you as early as possible. No need to panic. All you need to do is to consult a special evaluator. Go for a screening process with the expert. Discuss the measures required. Consult with teachers about the intervention strategies. The most effective medicine is to adapt an early learning process at an early stage.
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